EMPLOYER'S RIGHT TO CONTROVERT REEMPLOYMENT STIPEND BENEFITS DURING AN ELIGIBILITY EVALUATION IS REESTABLISHED
August 10, 2006
The Alaska Workers' Compensation Board issued a decision in Lawhorne v. Alaska Garden & Pet Supply, Inc., AWCB Decision No. 06-0213 (July 28, 2006), that reestablished an employer's right to controvert AS 23.30.041(k) reemployment stipend benefits during a reemployment eligibility evaluation.
The Supreme Court had long ago held that the presumption of compensability applies to reemployment benefits. Earlier Board panels complied and found that the presumption attached by virtue of a referral for an eligibility evaluation, allowing an employer to controvert with substantial evidence negating an element of a claim for reemployment benefits. In this case, the employer had a medical opinion that the employee could return to her job at the time of injury and otherwise had no ratable permanent impairment.
In October 2004, a split in the Board decisions was created in Wagner v. Furniture Enterprises of Alaska, Inc., AWCB #04-0253. In Wagner, the Board declared the presumption inapplicable once an employee enters "the reemployment process" upon being referred out for an evaluation. The Board went so far as to award stipend benefits, for the weeks during which the evaluation occurred, to an employee who had already been found ineligible and who was in fact working during the time he was being evaluated. The Board also did not allow an offset for his wages. The Superior Court affirmed this decision.
In its recent Lawhorne decision, the Board reviewed the split in case law and reaffirmed an employer's right to controvert benefits reemployment stipend benefits. In this case, the employee's claim for benefits was controverted (based on an IME report) prior to her referral for an eligibility evaluation. Relying on Wagner, the employee argued she should receive reemployment stipend benefits from the date of her referral forward. The Board applied the presumption of compensability and concluded that the employer had rebutted the presumption with substantial evidence (the IME report). The Board denied the employee's request for stipend benefits, finding that the employer's controversion, which preceded the referral, was legitimate and protected the employer from any obligation to provide stipend benefits. The Board also specifically disagreed with the Wagner decision, finding the decision "defies logic."
A key factor in the holding of this case is that the claim was controverted prior to the employee's referral for an eligibility evaluation. It is unclear whether the decision extends to controversions of benefits after referral. Given this uncertainty, you are advised to contact an attorney if you have any questions about whether a controversion is appropriate in a particular case.
The full text of this decision can be found at: http://184.108.40.206/workcomp/2006/06-0213.doc
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